The choice of running shoes depends on a number of criteria. So, for training and competition use different kinds of shoes.
Training shoe – “”technically advanced””, whereby the heavier competition. Provide good protection and leg lock while running smooth shocks. They are soft and elastic, comfortable fit for regular jogging.
Competitive shoes, and marafonki polumarafonki – lungs (up to 280 g) to thin stiff shoes outsole. Not aggravate, to help develop and maintain a high speed during a race. Not suitable for training as much load the musculoskeletal system. Depreciation is not available, the shoes do not absorb impact load while running.
Competitive running shoes need trained athletes for the races on long distances a. Polumarafonki suitable for short-tempo workouts.
Key factors to consider when choosing running shoes for running:
- The type of coating for running;
- running technique;
- the correct choice of size.
The choice of shoes type of coating
Running on asphalt
For asphalt and other hard surfaces need shoes that provide good traction and reduce the strong impact on the ankle. This sneaker with high shock absorption is better if it is in the toe and a, b, and in the heel of the foot.
Sneakers for asphalt – a model with a soft sole and low-grooved tread a, non-slip. Often asphalt shoes feature mesh uppers b, which will provide good ventilation and comfort while running in warm and hot weather.
Running shoes on the asphalt
Running in the stadium and in the gym
For synthetic surfaces stadiums are also suitable shoes for asphalt. Covering stadium itself provides good cushioning. Weather conditions are also not so important, and there is no need for a deep tread, strong depreciation and reinforced top. The main thing – slip soles.
And the treadmill will approach the same shoes as the asphalt. Reinforced top is not necessary – the mesh will ensure lightness and breathability during intense exercise.
The simulator must be equipped with a damping system. From running on the tracks without amortization is better to give such training a devastating effect on the spine and joints.
Running shoes on artificial coating
For running off-road and rough terrain will suit treylovye sneakers.
They have an average (4-8 mm) or deep tread (8 mm) a, b rigid block, a good fixation of the ankle joint, especially the heel c. Top sneakers thick reinforced d, often with an additional protective “”tongue”” to prevent the ingress of dirt, sand, small stones.
Rugged terrain is different.
Dry hard ground (forest trails, rocky terrain) suitable medium Protector and the average amortization.
To run the mud needs deep, aggressive tread, to provide good adhesion to the softened soil.
Shoes membrane prevents the ingress of moisture inside the shoe, it is important in the rainy weather. If jogging is warm and dry, in the membrane of shoes better not to run – it will be hot.
One must be careful when running through the snowdrifts and puddles. If you scoop up water in shoes with membrane layer, it will be inside and create discomfort.
For running over stones fit models with a hard toe under the fingers, heel protection and good shock absorption.
The shoes for rough terrain is not recommended to run on the asphalt surface. Rubber soles in footwear treylovoy softer so wears off quickly on hard terrain.
Running shoes for running on rough terrain
There are three basic techniques. They differ in the way setting foot during landing on the surface.
Running “”heel”” – classical technique. Landing is on the heel, and you have a big load on her. Optimal sneakers – with good damping (preferably in the heel portion) and a high drop.
This technique is optimal only for running a low rate and with low intensity, a choice of running shoes with a maximum damping is required. Running “”heel”” is suitable for people with overweight and severe deformities of the foot (best running shoes for women with flat feet, supination).
Running shoes’ heel “”
Running “”toe”” for the sprint for short distances. Landing falls on the toe. Footwear – lightweight, thin soles.
Running shoes “”toe””
Natural running different landing exactly under the body’s center of gravity to the middle part of the foot. The housing thus remains straight and relaxed, knees – half-bent. This technique strengthens the leg muscles, relieves stress on your knees and joints. Be careful if you have a weak Achilles tendon during a natural running it accounts for a high load.
Sneakers for natural running
Comparison table shoes characteristics on running technique
Shoes tread down the people differently: some larger shoes worn out from the inside of the foot, while others, on the contrary, from the outside. The reason for this – different types of pronation.
Pronation determines which part of the foot in the first place have to touchdown while driving. The type of pronation depends on how strong the natural amortization of the foot, reduces the shock nagruzhku while running.
There are several types of pronation:
- 1 neutral pronation;
- 2 giperpronatsiya;
- 3 supination (gipopronatsiya).
The norm is neutral pronation – uniform load distribution on the foot. Special shoes are not required: discomfort while running does not occur. Light stabilization (dense material in the inner part of the sole) in running shoes will suffice.
Running shoes for runners with neutral pronation
When giperpronatsii foot during walking and running is turned inward. The load is on the inner portion of the foot. In this position, ligaments are stretched, and the natural amortization of suffering. Often gipepronatsiya is a satellite flat-footedness. Runners with excessive pronation need shoes with high stabilization.
Running shoes for runners with giperpronatsiey
When gipopronatsii stop does not have sufficient flexure and prevents body weight to move intrados. The main burden falls on the outer part. For people with a lack of pronation required shoes with high shock absorption. The outside of the sole features a thick outsole and midsole – uniform density. Rigid elements on the inside of the foot when gipopronatsii not needed.
Running shoes for runners with gipopronatsiey
Determine your type of help article, “”How to determine the type of pronation of the foot.””
For hot weather, choose a model with good ventilation.
The cold fit shoes with a combination of membrane and insulation: it strengthens the protection from the cold and wind, holds heat longer.
The membrane protects against splashing rain, but if water gets inside the shoe, it will remain there. Therefore, avoid running in the membrane of shoes in deep puddles, creeks, snowdrifts or protect the feet by special waterproof gaiters.
In wet weather relevant model Dirt and moisture resistant impregnation top.
Shoes with metal spikes will provide maximum adhesion and stability on an icy surface.
Running shoes in our catalog
jogging shoes should be good to keep pace, but to leave space for the toe area. It should focus on the sensation – the movement should not be restricted, but at the same time, the foot does not “”hang out”” and surely fixed.
Sizes from different manufacturers may vary. To avoid confusion, it is better to focus on the length of the foot.
How to take measurements:
1 Barefoot embark on a sheet of white paper and a pencil to circle the foot.
2 Measure the length of each foot of a print, if the prints have turned slightly different lengths, and select a greater value rounded up to 5 mm in a big way. For precise pencil strokes should be kept close to the skin and direct the tip of the feet.
On the resulting amount will be convenient to navigate in the selection as the running shoes and other footwear.
As the store to choose running shoes
Shoes should be measured in socks suitable thickness – those used during training. You can just buy in the store running socks and running shoes to try on them.
Be sure to test the new shoes – like and go for a run in an easy pace in the store. It is important to feel completely comfortable. Trainers should not interfere with the movement, press or hang on the leg.
If you liked the shoes, but do not fit the type of pronation – you can always adjust the support foot anatomic insoles. You can order customized insoles just below the type of foot.
It is not necessary to rush out and purchase the first favorite sneakers. You need to try on several pairs of shoes, suitable for the size and other parameters, and choose the most convenient.
Read more to understand the design of running shoes, cushioning and pronation will help article, “”The design and basic functions of running shoes””
Socks, stockings and socks for running
Running shoes are best “”work”” with special socks for running. Socks for running are made from synthetic materials a, sometimes with the addition of wool for insulating b.
- 1 is securely fixed leg;
- 2 provide thermoregulation;
- 3 ventilation and moisture retraction;
- 4 prevent chafing and blisters.
Some models have a reinforced area for extra protection of individual parts of the foot a.
Socks for running can be high or low b c, often have antibacterial impregnation.
For long-distance race at recommended to use compression socks, stockings or leggings. They improve blood circulation in the legs and help muscles recover faster after a long load.